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Korean J General Edu > Volume 16(2); 2022 > Article
Korean Journal of General Education 2022;16(2):453-465.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46392/kjge.2022.16.2.453    Published online April 30, 2022.
Differences in Career Preparation Behaviors according to Individual Characteristics and the Major Selection Motivation of College Students
Kyunglee Kim1, Hyunjoo Lee2
1Research Professor, Inha University
2Instructor, Gachon University
대학생 전공선택동기 유형에 따른 진로준비행동의 차이
김경리1, 이현주2
1인하대학교 미래교육혁신단 연구중점교수
2가천대학교 시간강사
Correspondence:  Hyunjoo Lee,
Email: 4creativelee@gmail.com
Received: 20 March 2022   • Revised: 11 April 2022   • Accepted: 18 April 2022
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to classify the major selection motivation of college students and to understand the differences in their career preparation behavior according to the types of major selection motivation. To this end, first, the difference in their major selection motivation according to individual characteristics was examined. Second, their major selection motivation was classified using cluster analysis. Third, the difference in their career preparation behavior according to the types of their major selection motivation was confirmed. The results are as follows: First, for the internal motivation, there was a difference seen for both grade and major. As for extrinsic motivation, there was a difference according to gender, grade, and major. Second, according to the types of their major selection motivation, they were classified into four groups: type with only high internal motivation, type with only high extrinsic motivation, type with both internal and extrinsic low motivation, and type with both internal and extrinsic high motivation. Third, there was a difference in their career preparation behavior according to the types of their major selection motivation. Therefore, the direction of career education should be diversified according to the individual characteristics of current students and their major selection motivation.
Key Words: Higher Educaton, Career Preparation Behavior, Major Selection Motivation, Internal and Extrinsic Motivation, Cluster Analysis
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