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Code of ethics

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The ethics regulations specify the principles and standards of ethics that members should follow as authors, editors and judges of papers. The terminology used is as follows.

  • 1. The Code of Ethics “Violation” includes plagiarism performed during the course of conducting research or publishing a paper, duplication of research, duplicate publication of research articles, or any other wrongful or unjustified acts on behalf of the author.
  • 2. “Plagiarism” refers to the act of stealing other people's ideas, research content, or results without due approval or citation.
  • 3. 'Unauthorized citation of the author of a paper' refers to the act of granting authorship to a person who has not conferred or contributed to the research in a meaningful and substantive way to its intellectual content without any justifiable reason.
  • 4. 'Overlapping or double-publishing a research article' refers to the act of submitting or publishing one's previously published work as if it were a new work.

Chapter 1 Author's Ethics

Article 1 (plagiarism)

  • 1. Authors should not present in their paper a part of a research study or claim that they have not made as if it were his own research result or argument.
  • 2. References to other people's work or a portion of another person’s work should not be used without specifying the source and should not be presented as if it were the result or claim of the author’s own research
  • 3. If a manuscript published in the past in any other media is used without a citation mark, it is self-plagiarism.

Article 2 (Publishing achievements)

  • 1. Authors are only responsible for the results of research actually conducted or contributed as authors and are recognized for their achievements.
  • 2. The author's or co-author's contribution should be accurately reflected depending on the degree of contribution to the research regardless of the relative status.
  • 3. It is a violation of research ethics to not record as a co-author or co-researcher any individual who contributed to the research in the course of writing the paper.

Article 3 (duplicate publication)

  • 1. Authors should not submit their previously published works as new ones, whether published domestically or internationally.
  • 2. Do not submit multiple duplicates of studies to multiple journals for publication or review.
  • 3. If you want to re-print all or part of an already published research study, check with the editor whether the principles of duplicate publication or double publication apply.
  • 4. In the case of re-publishing all or part of the published research, the content and source of the reused part should be specifically and clearly stated.

Article 4 (citation notation)

  • 1. When quoting from published academic materials, the source should be clearly marked in accordance with the citation rules set by the society.
  • 2. Any data obtained through unpublished research or a personal contact can be cited only after obtaining the consent of the researcher who provided the information.
  • 3. When quoting other people's writings, borrowing or referring to ideas, make sure to state whether or not they are cited or referenced.
  • 4. When writing citations, readers should be able to identify which part is the result of previous research and which is the original part.

Article 5 (revising papers)

  • 1. In the process of reviewing the article, the researcher accepts the opinions presented by the editors and judges and reflects them in the revised submission.
  • 2. An author who disagrees with the review panel may appeal by writing down the reasons in detail and submitting them to the editorial board.

Chapter 2 Editorial Committee Ethics

Article 6 (publishing decisions)

  • 1. The Editorial Committee exercises the final authority to decide whether or not to publish all submitted manuscripts, and at the same time is responsible for the publication of accepted manuscripts.
  • 2. The Editorial Committee respects the character, independence, and scholarly professionalism of the manuscript contributor and the judges.

Article 7 (Review Principles)

  • 1. The Editorial Committee shall not bear any prejudice regarding the gender, age, or affiliation of the author of the paper submitted for publication.
  • 2. Any private relationships shall be excluded and all contributions shall be fairly treated based on adherence to submission and review regulations.

Article 8 (Examination Policy)

  • 1. The Editorial Committee commissions the evaluation of submitted papers to judges who have expertise in the field and have exhibited fair judgment.
  • 2. When assigning the judges, the contributor, anyone affiliated with the contributor, and anyone who has a close relationship with the contributor are excluded.

Article 9 (Confidentiality)

  • 1. The editorial committee will not disclose the content of the manuscript to anyone other than the reviewer until the decision on whether to publish the submitted manuscript has been taken. Furthermore, the author of the paper will not be disclosed to the reviewer.
  • 2. During the review process of the manuscript, confidentiality is maintained for the identity of the contributor, the content of the submitted paper, and any information obtained regarding the judges.

Chapter 3 Judges’ Ethics

Article 10 (Notification of Results)

  • 1. The judges will faithfully evaluate the papers requested by the editorial board of the journal and notify the evaluation results.
  • 2. If it is determined that the submitted manuscript is not eligible to be reviewed, the author shall be notified of the fact without delay by the editorial board.

Article 11 (process evaluation)

  • 1. The judges evaluate the paper fairly by objective criteria, regardless of their personal academic beliefs or personal relationship with the author.
  • 2. The judges must specify in detail, the grounds for their judgment, and must not use their own personal points of view or beliefs as the basis for their decision.

Article 12 (Respecting te Author)

  • 1. Judges must maintain an attitude of respect and professionalism for the character and academic independence of authors who are experts in the academic field.
  • 2. In the review opinion statement, judges shall state their judgment of the paper, with specific details and reasons for the parts that they deem necessary to be revised or supplemented.

Article 13 (Confidentiality)

  • 1. The judges shall keep confidential any information about the author or the content of the research that is obtained during the review process.
  • 2. Before publication of the article, reviewer must not cite the contents of the manuscript without the author's consent.

Chapter 4 Code of Ethics Pledge

Article 14 (Pledge of Regulations)

  • 1. New members of this society confirm they have read and understood all ethical regulations during the enrollment process and pledge to comply with them.
  • 2. Existing members are deemed to have already pledged to comply with the ethical rules when the ethical rules come into force.
  • 3. When a member submits a manuscript, both the main author and the co-author submit the “Research Ethics Commitment Confirmation” stating in writing that they are aware of, and understand the pledge to the Society’s Ethics Code.

Supplementary provisions

Article 1 (revision of regulations)

  • 1. Matters not specified in this regulation shall be decided by the Ethics Committee.
  • 2. The revision of the ethical regulations is confirmed by a resolution of the Permanent Board of Directors, at the behest of the Ethics Committee.

Article 2 (application of regulations)

  • 1. Papers published in a journal published prior to the implementation of these regulations shall fall under these comprehensive regulations.
  • 2. A member who has pledged to uphold the existing regulations shall be deemed to have pledged to comply with the new regulations without taking a separate pledge, even if the ethical regulation is amended.

Article 3 (enforcement of regulations)

  • 1. These regulations shall take effect on September 1, 2009.


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