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Code of ethics

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The ethics regulations specify the principles and standards of ethics that members should follow as authors, editors, and judges of papers. The terminology used is as follows.

  • 1. The Code of Ethics “Violation” includes plagiarism performed during the course of conducting research or publishing a paper, duplication of research, duplicate publication of research articles, or any other wrongful or unjustified acts on behalf of the author.
  • 2. "Plagiarism" refers to stealing other people's ideas, research content, or results without due approval or citation.
  • 3. 'Unauthorized citation' refers to granting authorship to a person who has not conferred or contributed to the research in a meaningful and substantive way to its intellectual content without justifiable reason.
  • 4. 'Duplicate or double-publishing a research article' refers to submitting or publishing one's previous work as if it were a new one.

Chapter 1 Author's Ethics

Article 1 (Plagiarism)

  • 1. Authors must not make a third party perceive other people's original ideas as if they were the authors' creations by using other people's original ideas other than general knowledge without proper acknowledgment of the source.
  • 2. References to other people's work or a portion of another person’s work should not be used without specifying the source and should not be presented as if it were the result or claim of the author’s own research
  • 3. If authors use their manuscripts published in the past without citation, it is self-plagiarism.

Article 2 (Publication Achievements)

  • 1. Authors are only responsible for the results of research actually conducted or contributed as authors and are recognized for their achievements.
  • 2. The author's or co-author's contribution should be accurately reflected depending on the degree of contribution to the research regardless of the relative status.
  • 3. Despite contributing to the research, not being a co-author or co-researcher in this article also violates the Code of Ethics.
  • 4. The source must be indicated when publishing an article in an academic journal as a book chapter.

Article 3 (duplicate publication)

  • 1. Authors should not submit their previously published works as new ones, whether published domestically or internationally.
  • 2. Do not submit multiple duplicates of studies to multiple journals for publication or review.
  • 3. If you want to re-print all or part of an already published research study, check with the editor whether the principles of duplicate publication or double publication apply.
  • 4. In the case of re-publishing all or part of the published research, the content and source of the reused part should be specifically and clearly stated.

Article 4 (Citation)

  • 1. When citing published academic data, the source must be indicated following the citation rules set by this Association.
  • 2. Even in the case of unpublished publications or data obtained through personal contact, citations should be made only after obtaining the consent of the researcher who provided the information.
  • 3. When citing other people's writings, borrowing ideas, or referencing them, be sure to state whether they are cited or not in the comments.
  • 4. When citing citations, the author should make readers be able to distinguish which part is the result of previous research and which part is the original part of the author.
  • 5. Students' consent must be obtained using their work, assignments, or interview results.

Chapter 2 Editorial Committee Ethics

Article 5 (Prior Approval)

  • 1. When submitting a paper jointly with a related person, the relevant form must be submitted to the Editorial Board.
  • 2. When it is confirmed that a related person's co-author has violated the Code of Ethics, the related person's research misconduct should be notified to the related institution (entry exam, college-related admission, research-related institute, and others).
  • 3. In the case of human research, relevant procedures such as prior approval of the Institutional Ethics Committee (IRB) must be followed.

Article 6 (Authorship)

  • 1. A person who has contributed to the research contents or results shall not be excluded from the article's authorship without justifiable reasons.
  • 2. A person who has not contributed to the research contents or results shall not be granted the article's authorship for reasons of gratitude or courtesy.
  • 3. The thesis, written by students, must not be published in the name of the advisor, except for the students' name, in academic journals.
  • 4. Authors must satisfy all of the following requirements according to the guidelines of ICMJE.
    • (1) A person who contributes significantly to the concept or design of the research and the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of research data
    • (2) A person who has drafted or critically revised important academic content
    • (3) The person who finally approved the research paper to be published
    • (4) A person who agrees to assume responsibility for all aspects of the research so that questions relating to the accuracy or truthfulness of any part of the research are adequately investigated and resolved

Article 7 (Decisions)

  • 1. The Editorial Committee exercises the final authority to decide whether or not to publish all submitted manuscripts, and at the same time is responsible for the publication of accepted manuscripts.
  • 2. The Editorial Committee respects the character, independence, and scholarly professionalism of the manuscript contributor and the judges.

Article 8 (Review Principles)

  • 1. The Editorial Committee shall not bear any prejudice regarding the gender, age, or affiliation of the author of the paper submitted for publication.
  • 2. Any private relationships shall be excluded and all contributions shall be fairly treated based on adherence to submission and review regulations.

Article 9 (Review Policy)

  • 1. The Editorial Committee commissions the evaluation of submitted papers to judges who have expertise in the field and have exhibited fair judgment.
  • 2. When assigning the judges, the contributor, anyone affiliated with the contributor, and anyone who has a close relationship with the contributor are excluded.

Article 10 (Confidentiality)

  • 1. The editorial committee will not disclose the content of the manuscript to anyone other than the reviewer until the decision on whether to publish the submitted manuscript has been taken. Furthermore, the author of the paper will not be disclosed to the reviewer.
  • 2. During the review process of the manuscript, confidentiality is maintained for the identity of the contributor, the content of the submitted paper, and any information obtained regarding the judges.

Chapter 3 Reviewers’ Ethics

Article 11 (Notification)

  • 1. The reviewers will faithfully evaluate the papers requested by the editorial board of the journal and notify the evaluation results.
  • 2. If it is determined that the submitted manuscript is not eligible to be reviewed, the author shall be notified of the fact without delay by the editorial board.

Article 12 (Evaluation Process)

  • 1. The reviewers evaluate the paper fairly by objective criteria, regardless of their personal academic beliefs or personal relationship with the author.
  • 2. The reviewers must specify in detail, the grounds for their judgment, and must not use their own personal points of view or beliefs as the basis for their decision.

Article 13 (Respecting Authors)

  • 1. The reviewers must maintain an attitude of respect and professionalism for the character and academic independence of authors who are experts in the academic field.
  • 2. In the review opinion statement, the reviewers shall state their judgment of the paper, with specific details and reasons for the parts that they deem necessary to be revised or supplemented.

Article 14 (Confidentiality)

  • 1. The reviewers shall keep confidential any information about the author or the content of the research that is obtained during the review process.
  • 2. Before publication of the article, reviewers must not cite the contents of the manuscript without the author's consent.

Chapter 4 The Code of Ethics Pledge

Article 15 (Pledge of Regulations)

  • 1. New members of this Association confirm they have read and understood all ethical regulations during the enrollment process and pledge to comply with them.
  • 2. Existing members are deemed to have already pledged to comply with the ethical rules when the ethical rules come into force.
  • 3. When a member submits a manuscript, both the primary author and the co-author submit the “Research Ethics Commitment Confirmation,” stating in writing that they are aware of and understand the pledge to the Code of Ethics of this Association.

Supplementary Regulations

Article 16 (Revision of Regulations)

  • 1. Matters not specified in this regulation shall be decided by the Ethics Committee.
  • 2. Revision is made with the resolution of the Standing Committee at the initiative of the Ethics Committee.

Article 17 (Application of Regulations)

  • 1. This regulation applies comprehensively to articles published in the journal before this regulation's enforcement.
  • 2. A member who pledged to follow the existing regulations must comply with the new ones without a separate pledge.

Article 18 (Enforcement of Regulations)

  • 1. This regulation shall take effect on September 1, 2009.
  • 2. The amendments to this regulation shall take effect from May 1, 2022.


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