Korean J General Edu Search


Korean Journal of General Education 2018;12(6):267-286.
Published online December 30, 2018.
Analysis of the Structural Relationship among Self-esteem, Sociality, Morality, Citizenship and Character of University Students
Nan Lee
대학생의 자아존중감, 사회성, 도덕성, 시민성 및 인성의 구조적 관계분석
The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural relationship between self - esteem, sociality, morality, citizenship, and character. To conduct this study, 406 university students attending J university in Jeonbuk province were surveyed using SPSS ver. 23.0 and Amos ver 23.0 program using self - esteem scale, sociality scale, morality scale, civility scale and personality scale, Correlation, and structural equation model. The results of this study are as follows: Self-esteem(self-respect, leadership and popularity and self-assertiveness), sociality(activity, leadership, sociability), morality (conscience, tolerance, fairness), citizenship(democratic basic order and procedure, Social participation consciousness), character(manners, respect, communication, caring, responsibility) were empirically matched. The direct effect of self-esteem on sociality, the direct effect of sociality on morality, the direct effect of morality on citizenship, and the direct effect of morality on humanity were all statistically significant. .485~.849, respectively. In the course of developing educational contents and contents for enhancing the character of college students, morality is an important factor, so moral content should be included. In particular, fairness, tolerance and conscience can be explained as a key factor of morality that directly affects the personality of college students. Fairness refers to acting justly without prejudice, competing with rules and discipline, allowing moral sensitivity by listening to all opinions without prejudice before making concessions and sharing, leading to moral behavior. Conscience is a powerful inner voice that judges right and wrong and leads them to the right way, leads them to reflect in appropriate guilt when they do wrong behavior, and teaches them to cultivate humanity with the virtue that leads them to act correctly when faced with unsuitable temptations. Should be addressed. Tolerance is the ability to respect other people s dignity and rights and to respect them even though they do not agree with others opinions or beliefs. Therefore, the power to refuse prejudice and stereotypes should be treated as humanity and education contents.
Key Words: character, self-esteem, sociality, morality, citizenship


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