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Korean Journal of General Education 2013;7(3):349-387.
Published online June 30, 2013.
A Study on the Relationships and Characteristics between Korean Collegiate Essential Skills and Undergraduates’ Individual Variant Factors
Pyoung-Gu Baek
대학생 핵심역량 수준과 대학생 개인 변인의 관계 및 특성
백평구
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships and characteristics between college students’ essential skills and students’ individual related variables for directions toward the better general education in university. K-CESA(Korea Collegiate Essential Skills Assessment) which is consisted of six different sub areas such as ‘self- management skill’, ‘interpersonal relationship skill’, ‘global skill’, ‘communication skill’, ‘utilization of information resources and technology skill’ and ‘comprehensive thinking skill’ was used, and 125 students from ‘A’ university, the province of Chungbuk participated in this study. The results of analyses are as follows;First, it showed that interpersonal relationship skill was found to be the highest, the rest of skills were ordered by high level as self-management skill-comprehensive thinking skill-global skill- communication skill. And utilization of information resources and technology skill was found to be very low. Second, Junior and senior students, and/or engineering students had higher level of the six essential skills level mainly with some cognitive area. And male students earned higher level than female with statistical significance only in the interpersonal relationship skill. Third, the results of cluster analysis to understand overall characteristics of essential skills level revealed 4 different types showing ‘non-cognitive function oriented superior group’, ‘overall low-level skill group’, ‘imbalance between cognitive and non-cognitive skill’, ‘only excellence at non-cognitive skill and that’s all’. Fourth, the results of correspondence analysis to understand superior participants’ characteristics of essential skills level identified three affinity categories such as ‘self-management skill-interpersonal relationship skill’, ‘comprehensive thinking skill-utilization of information resources and technology skill-communication skill’, and ‘global skill’.
Key Words: 대학생 핵심역량진단검사(K-CESA), essential skills, K-CESA(Korea Collegiate Essential Skills Assessment), cluster analysis, correspondence analysis
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