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Korean Journal of General Education 2012;6(3):721-741.
Published online September 30, 2012.
A Study of relationships among self-esteem, spiritual well-being and mental health to establish spirituality courses for nursing students
Mi-Young Chung
간호대학생의 영성 관련 교양과목 개설을 위한 자아존중감, 영적안녕 및 정신건강과의 관계에 대한 연구
정미영
Abstract
This study aims to grasp the degrees of self-esteem, spiritual well-being and mental health of nursing students and the relationships among them and to thereby explore the curriculum study on spirituality for nursing students. The subject of study was 552 students in department of nursing at colleges. The self-esteem was measured with 4-point scale and 10 questions, and spiritual well-being with 6-point scale and 20 questions and mental health with 5-point scale and 47 questions, and the collected questionnaires were analyzed by using the SAS program. Self-esteem was found to be 29.1 points on average (in the range of 10 through 40 points), and there was a significant difference depending on the economic level and the presence or absence of intention for suicide over the past one year. That is, self-esteem was found to be higher when the economic level is higher and there has been no intention for suicide over the past one year. Spiritual well-being was 73.6 points on average (in the range of 20 through 120 points), and out of it, existential well-being was found to be higher than religious well-being. There was a significant difference depending on the presence or absence of religion, indirect experience on death and presence or absence of intention for suicide over the past one year. That is, it was found to be higher when the subject has a religion, an indirect experience on death and no intention for suicide over the past one year. Mental health was 103.1 points on average (in the range of 0 through 188 points), and was poorer in the order of hostility, depression and obsession. There was a significant difference depending on the grade, economic level and presence or absence of intention for suicide over the past one year. That is, the state of mental health was poorer in the first graders than in the second graders and in low economic level than in medium economic level, and was poorer in the cases where the subject has had the intention for suicide over the past one year. There showed a negative correlation between the score of state of mental health and self-esteem and spiritual well-being, respectively, and there showed a positive correlation between self-esteem and spiritual well-being. On the basis of the above results, it is suggested to conduct a following study that gropes for the concrete plans for enhancement of self-esteem, spiritual well-being and mental health of nursing students and presents the plans for personality education characterized for each occupational cluster through the comparative study with the students with other majors.
Key Words: Nursing Students, Cultural Studies Curriculum, Self-Esteem, Spiritual Well-Being, Mental Health
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