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Korean J General Edu > Volume 16(2); 2022 > Article
Korean Journal of General Education 2022;16(2):65-79.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46392/kjge.2022.16.2.65    Published online April 30, 2022.
The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Significance of Liberal Education, and the Need to Reform Its Curriculum
Seok Min Hong
Professor, University College, Yonsei University
4차 산업혁명과 교양교육의 중요성, 그리고 교양교육과정의 개혁 필요성
홍석민
연세대학교 학부대학 교수
Correspondence:  Seok Min Hong,
Email: ssmhong@yonsei.ac.kr
Received: 20 March 2022   • Revised: 11 April 2022   • Accepted: 18 April 2022
Abstract
This work briefly defines the meaning of the 4th Industrial Revolution, and explains that the three problems produced by the Revolution are the need to redefine the meaning of humanity, to reframe the social structure, and to elevate the level of people’s lifetime job competences. Next, this work strongly argues that what is needed most in finding a solution for the three problems is creativity based on the convergence and integration among the so-called 4Cs or 6Cs. In addition, from drawing on a variety of data and previous research results, this work also clearly shows that liberal education is much more useful than major/concentration education when it comes to solving these three problems. Lastly, this work also points out that the reform of the liberal education curriculum in general, and its distribution system in particular, is necessary for the sake of heightening the level of creativity based on convergence and integration, and then suggests several ways of reforming these areas. With these kinds of reforms, liberal education could heighten the level of creativity based on convergence and integration and the possibility of solving the aforementioned three problems would be promoted.
Key Words: The 4th Industrial Revolution, Liberal Education, Creativity through Convergence and Integration, Reform of General Education Curriculum, Distribution System and Electives


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