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Korean J General Edu > Volume 15(5); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of General Education 2021;15(5):157-167.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46392/kjge.2021.15.5.157    Published online October 31, 2021.
Content Analysis of Reflective Journals in Early Clinical Experience
Si-Woon Park1, Su Jin Chae2, Sang-Yeop Yi3, Ki Jun Han4, Young Jun Won5
1Professor, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine
2Associate Professor, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine
3Professor, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine
4Professor, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine
5Professor, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine
의과대학 조기임상경험의 성찰일지 내용 분석
박시운1, 채수진2, 이상엽3, 한기준4, 원영준5
1가톨릭관동대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실 교수
2가톨릭관동대학교 의과대학 의학교육학교실 부교수
3가톨릭관동대학교 의과대학 병리학교실 교수
4가톨릭관동대학교 의과대학 내과학교실 교수
5가톨릭관동대학교 의과대학 내과학교실 교수
Correspondence:  Su Jin Chae,
Email: edujin@cku.ac.kr
Received: 20 September 2021   • Revised: 20 October 2021   • Accepted: 25 October 2021
Abstract
This study qualitatively analyzed medical students’ engagement of pre-clerkship early clinical experience and their implications based on reflective journals. The subjects were 60 third-year students who had taken the early clinical experience course offered by the Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine. Students had to complete and submit a reflective journal at the end of the course. This study used the reflective journals students submitted as analysis data. Data were analyzed using Elo and Kyngäs’ inductive qualitative analysis. As a result of study, a total of 127 unique significant keywords and statements were extracted. These statements generated 11 formulated sub-categories and five theme categories. Five main categories were derived from the students’ reflective journals: understanding of patients, understanding of professionalism, understanding of other occupations, understanding of the hospital system, and motivation to learn. Students understood patients’ perspectives on diseases and improved their ability to empathize; they gained confidence in communication and clinical skills; they became more positive toward the underprivileged; and their interest in the medical system grew. The results suggest that early clinical experience can be applied as one beneficial educational program for medical students in the pre-clerkship curriculum.
Key Words: medical school, reflective journal, clerkship, pre-clerkship, early clinical experience, qualitative content analysis
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