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Korean J General Edu > Volume 15(5); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of General Education 2021;15(5):43-55.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46392/kjge.2021.15.5.43    Published online October 31, 2021.
The Historical Development and Tasks of Liberal Arts Education in Korean universities
Seungsu Paek
Professor, Gachon University
한국 대학 교양교육의 역사적 전개와 과제
가천대학교 교수
Correspondence:  Seungsu Paek,
Email: ongang@gachon.ac.kr
Received: 20 September 2021   • Revised: 20 October 2021   • Accepted: 25 October 2021
Korean universities have sought sustainable future-oriented liberal arts education while exploring the role of liberal arts education in the era of the 4th industrial revolution. Even so, unresolved issues arising from historical development should be overcome to take a great step toward innovating liberal arts education. The purpose of this study is to identify problems that appeared in the historical development process of liberal arts education at Korean universities and to derive overcoming tasks. The historical development of liberal arts education at Korean universities can be divided into three stages: Formation Period (1945-1972), Experimental Period (1973-2009), and Autonomous Period (2010-present). The issues that emerged in this development process have two characteristics: confusion in the identity of liberal arts education and development through government control and support. For the sustainable future of liberal arts education, it is necessary to overcome misleading perceptions that hinder the realization of the true meaning of liberal arts education and establish the identity of liberal arts education. Universities should secure autonomy from the government and more actively strengthen and innovate liberal arts education.
Key Words: liberal arts education, history of liberal arts education in Korean, general education, higher education, government policy, University autonomy


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