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Korean J General Edu > Volume 14(5); 2020 > Article
Korean Journal of General Education 2020;14(5):83-95.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46392/kjge.2020.14.5.83    Published online October 31, 2020.
The Status and Implications of the Basic Liberal Arts Curriculum in Domestic Universities Applying the Standard Model of the Korea National Institute for General Education
Seungwon Jung1, Hyunsu Jang2, Sejun Kim3
1Faculty, Sungkyunkwan University
2Visiting Professor, Sungkyunkwan University
3Senior Researcher, Sungkyunkwan University
한국교양기초교육원의 표준모델을 적용한 4년제 대학 교양기초교육의 현황과 시사점
정승원1, 장현수2, 김세준3
1제1저자, 성균관대학교 교직원
2교신저자, 성균관대학교 초빙교수
3공동저자, 성균관대학교 선임연구원
Correspondence:  Hyunsu Jang,
Email: jhs4071@skku.edu
Received: 20 September 2020   • Revised: 20 October 2020   • Accepted: 22 October 2020
*Seungwon Jung and Sejun Kim contributed equally to this study as co-first authors.
Abstract
This study presents a plan to improve the liberal arts basic curriculum by examining and analyzing the status of this curriculum within domestic universities through the division of basic education, as well as the liberal arts and literacy areas of the standard model of liberal arts basic education. As a result of examining the ratio of liberal arts basic education to graduation credits, the average ratio of basic education in 132 universities was 26.2%. This is well below the minimum standard of 35% suggested by the standard model of liberal arts basic education. In addition, the average ratio by area was analyzed to be 10.4% for basic education, 12.1% for liberal arts education, and 3.6% for literacy education. As a result of analyzing the types by region, establishment type, and university size, the difference in ratio was not large. Due to the insufficient ratio of liberal arts basic education organization and the differentiation in the organization of this curriculum between universities, the proposal of the standard model for liberal arts basic education cannot objectively be regarded as an effective from the prerequisites.
However, the division of areas in the standard model can contribute to highlighting the fundamental reasons for the formation of the current basic curriculum, and for suggesting improvements. The lack of an understanding of the precise goals of liberal arts basic education is revealed as the phenomenon of adjusting the curriculum within a limited proportion of liberal arts basic education. The improvement of the curriculum to achieve the ideological orientation and the goals of liberal arts basic education should increase the ratio of formation by area and ensure the independence of the curriculum.
Key Words: Korea National Institute for General Education, The standard model of liberal arts basic education, General Education curriculum, basic education, liberal arts education, literacy education
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